Find out which category your nationality belongs to

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When finding out whether you are eligible for a pension refund in Germany or not, you have to find out which category your nationality applies to. Therefore, you will find a list of all three categories – EU nationals, contracting state nationals and non-contracting state nationals.

These countries differ in terms of eligibility for a pension refund as it depends on whether they have a social security agreement with Germany or not.

EU Countries

EU state nationals have the same rights and obligations as nationals of the country they stay in (and where they have social security).

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czechia

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Sweden

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Netherlands

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain 

Sweden

Contracting States

Contracting states have a bilateral social security agreement with Germany which regulates the acquisition of pension rights and the payment of pensions to the respective country.

Albania

Australia

Bosnia Herzegovina

Brazil

Canada/Quebec

Chile

Iceland

India

Israel

Liechtenstein

Japan

Kosovo

Macedonia

Montenegro

Morocco

Norway

Philippines

Serbia

South Korea

Switzerland

Tunisia

Turkey

Uruguay

United States

Non-Contracting States

Non-contracting states don’t have a bilateral social security agreement with Germany and hence, different rules and regulations apply social security matters – including pension rights.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Andorra

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Equatorial Guinea

Argentina

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Ethiopia

Bahamas

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belarus

Belize

Benin

Bolivia

Botswana

British overseas territories

Cambodia

Cameroon

Chad

Central African Republic

Colombia

Comoros

Congo

Cuba

Djibouti

Ecuador

El Salvador

Eritrea

Eswatini

Fiji

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

Ghana

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hong Kong

Indonesia 

Iraq

Iran 

Jamaica

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Kyrgyzstan

Kuwait

Laos

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Macau 

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Monaco

Mongolia

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Qatar

Russia

Russia

Rwanda

Samoa

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Solomon Islands

Somalia

Sri Lanka

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

South Africa

Sudan

South Sudan

Suriname

Syria

Tajikistan

Taiwan

Tanzania

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe

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